AIDS Defining Conditions

PrintPrintEmailEmailSaveSave
 

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines a person as having AIDS if she or he is living with HIV (HIV+) and has a CD4 cell count of 200 or less. The CDC has also developed a list of opportunistic infections (OIs), cancers, and conditions that are considered AIDS-defining conditions (see below). If you have HIV and one or more of these infections or conditions, you have a diagnosis of AIDS, no matter what your CD4 count is or how it changes in the future.

This list comes from a government report and contains medical terms. If you have any questions, contact a treatment educator at a local AIDS service organization or call an AIDS information line such as the Project Inform National HIV/AIDS Treatment Hotline at 800-822-7422. To find services across the world, visit AIDSmap's e-atlas.

  • Bacterial infections, multiple or recurrent (only for children less than 13 years old)
  • Candidiasis (type of yeast infection) of bronchi, trachea, or lungs
  • Candidiasis, esophageal
  • Cervical cancer, invasive (only among people 13 years old or older)
  • Coccidioidomycosis, disseminated or extrapulmonary
  • Cryptococcosis, extrapulmonary
  • Cryptosporidiosis, chronic intestinal (for longer than 1 month)
  • Cytomegalovirus disease (other than liver, spleen, or nodes), beginning when older than one month
  • Cytomegalovirus retinitis (with loss of vision)
  • Encephalopathy, HIV-related
  • Herpes simplex: chronic ulcers (lasting longer than 1 month); or bronchitis, pneumonitis, or esophagitis (beginning when older than one month)
  • Histoplasmosis, disseminated or extrapulmonary
  • Isosporiasis, chronic intestinal (for longer than 1 month)
  • Kaposi sarcoma
  • Lymphoid interstitial pneumonia or pulmonary lymphoid hyperplasia complex (only for children less than 13 years old)
  • Lymphoma, Burkitt (or equivalent term)
  • Lymphoma, immunoblastic (or equivalent term)
  • Lymphoma, primary, of brain
  • Mycobacterium avium complex or M. kansasii, disseminated or extrapulmonary
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis, of any site, pulmonary (only among people 13 years old or older), disseminated, or extrapulmonary
  • Mycobacterium, other species or unidentified species, disseminated or extrapulmonary
  • Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP)
  • Pneumonia, recurrent (only among people 13 years old or older)
  • Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
  • Salmonella septicemia, recurrent
  • Toxoplasmosis of brain, beginning when older than one month
  • Wasting syndrome due to HIV

Do you get our newsletter?

admin's picture

Sign up for our monthly Newsletter and get the latest info in you in box.

seventh name
Wed, 4/23/2014 - 2:48pm
Tue, 4/15/2014 - 11:08pm

Get answers to many questions about microbicides – what they are, how they work, what is happening in microbicide research, and more.

Get basic information about what pharmacokinetics is, how it is measured and tested, why it is important, and how drugs behave in the body.

Learn about GYN care, questions to ask your provider, and more.

admin's picture

Join our community

Connect to our support community and share experiences with other women living with HIV.

Join now >

admin's picture

You can Help!

According to UNAIDS, one young woman is newly infected with HIV every minute.

Donate now >